¿Cuántas calorías debes consumir al día?

¿Cuántas calorías debes consumir al día?

Por Kiwilimón - Diciembre 2015

El metabolismo es el proceso mediante el cual se obtiene la energía necesaria que requiere el cuerpo a través de los alimentos. Esta energía se mide en calorías, una caloría se define como la cantidad de calor necesario para elevar en 1 grado centígrado la temperatura de 1 gramo de agua.

En términos alimentarios, es la cantidad de alimento necesario para producir 1 kilocaloría de energía. Cada alimento produce mayor o menor cantidad de calorías por porción y, por lo tanto, se dice que los alimentos tienen distinto valor calórico, pero  ¿cuántas calorías hay que consumir al día?

En el siguiente video, la nutrióloga Carmen Haro te explica qué debes tomar en cuenta para calcular el número de calorías que debes consumir diariamente.


 Al respecto, la nutrióloga Mónica Maza, aclara que no existe una tabla exacta para medir las calorías que se necesitan diariamente, ya que todo depende de cada persona y su estilo de vida, pero te da estas opciones para ayudarte a mantener tu peso y tener un estilo de vida saludable.

"Este cálculo se realiza tomando en cuenta varios factores como sexo, edad y actividad física con el objetivo de tener una dieta balanceada y evitar el riesgo de obesidad".

¿Cómo hago el cálculo?

 1. Si eres hombre multiplica tu peso por 25, si eres mujer por 23.

2. Con base a ese resultado haz el siguiente cálculo

Si tienes menos de 25 años súmale 300 calorías. Si tienes entre 25 y 45 años no realices ninguna operación. Si tienes entre 45 y 55 años réstale 100 calorías. Si tienes entre 55 y 65 años réstale  200 calorías. Y si tienes más de 65 años réstale 300 calorías.

3. Realiza tu cálculo tomando en cuenta lo siguiente

Si realizas actividad física o llevas una vida sedentaria deja el cálculo como está. Si realizas actividad física leve (caminar 15 minutos, realizar tareas del hogar y cualquier trabajo con poco esfuerzo) súmale al resultado anterior 100 calorías más. Si realizas actividad física moderada (ir al gimnasio o bailar 3 veces a la semana) súmale al resultado anterior 200 calorías.

 Si realizas actividad física intensa, al resultado anterior súmale 300 calorías más. Con estos cálculos sabrás cuántas calorías necesita tu cuerpo para mantener tu peso ideal, adelgazar e incluso subir de peso si así lo deseas, todo depende de cuál sea tu objetivo.

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